Top cities: Toronto, Montreal, Vancouver
Legal since: July 2005
Number of married gay couples: 12,438 by October 2006 (including those married in provinces that adopted marriage equality earlier than the national law)
Canada was both the first country in the Americas and the first outside Europe to nationally legalize same-sex marriage. Interestingly, though marriage is open to any couple regardless of their residency, a Canadian divorce can only be granted if one of the spouses has lived in Canada for a year.