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  INDEPENDENCE DAY

Born On The 4th Of July: America’s Gay And Lesbian War Heroes

(Female members of the Women Airforce Service Pilots, a.k.a WASPs)

Cpls Fannie Mae Clackum and Grace Garner

Though hardly the first people booted from the military for being gay, Clackum and Garner, U.S. Air Force reservists in the late 1940s and early 1950s, were the first to successfully challenge their discharge.

When the two women were suspected of being lesbians, the Office of Special Investigations essentially entrapped the pair, giving the Air Force cause to issue dishonorable discharges to both in 1952. But they refused to accept the discharges and demanded their case be brought to a courtmartial. Eight years later, the pair won their suit: the courts vacated the discharge and awarded them back pay.

Recounting the Air Force’s account of its investigation, the court opinion’s read in part:

“One’s reaction to the foregoing narrative is ‘What’s going on here?’”

“…The so-called ‘hearing’ before the Air Force Discharge Board was not a hearing at all, in the usual sense of that word. It was a meaningless formality, to comply with the regulations. The ‘evidence’ upon which the case was going to be decided, and obviously was decided, was not present at the hearing, unless the undisclosed dossier which contained it was in the drawer of the table at which the Board sat. The appellant and her counsel were futilely tilting at shadows. However vulnerable the secret evidence may have been, there was no possible way to attack it.”

While the ruling turned on the fact that there wasn’t enough evidence to show the women were lesbians—rather than that there was nothing wrong with it if they were—it was the first time the military was brought to task for its arbitrary and clandestine attacks on gay service members.

 


  • 16 Comments
    • WillBFair
      WillBFair

      This is a great post, Dan. We all need to remember gay contributions, in every field.
      If I could add a couple of points. The Baron turned a pack of farmers into a modern fighting force. He created the Continental Army.
      And the bayonett tactic that he taught them actually won the decisive battle at Yorktown.

      Jul 4, 2012 at 1:58 pm · @ReplyReply to this comment ·
    • Hello
      Hello

      Thank you for this Queerty.

      It made me very sad and reminded me of the cruelty and hatred these heroes endured even after putting their lives on the line for freedom they were denied. Such a terrible wrong and as far as know an apology and recompense for these brave people hasn’t materialized. If it has I can’t find an article.

      Civil rights aside, I feel the way they were treated is so unjust and evil it’s incredible that it ever occurred. Freedom in America is an ideal more discussed than practiced and seems only to apply to some. The demise of DADT restored my faith in a country that eventually does the right thing.

      These days I feel proud of some of our achievements in terms of LGBT rights and the recent healthcare victory. What makes me sad is that some Republicans would even entertain the idea of reinstating DADT. Those people clearly have no soul.

      Jul 4, 2012 at 2:05 pm · @ReplyReply to this comment ·
    • Michael Bedwell
      Michael Bedwell

      Thank you for this.

      I would add a couple of things:

      1. In 1978, 17 years before “Serving in Silence: The Margarethe Cammermeyer Story”
      appeared, “the issue of gays in the military reached into mainstream American homes like never before”—as well as the first made-for-TV movie about a living gay person—through an NBC broadcast: “Sergeant Matlovich vs. the U.S. Air Force.”

      2. Dan Choi should always be included in any such list both for his actual service in a war zone, resulting in his being on disability to his lungs due to exposure to asbestos, and for the fact that he kept the issue of repeal of DADT alive when there were signs it might end up in the same ditch that ENDA did.

      Also, readers may learn about several other gay and lesbian veterans in our history at
      http://leonardmatlovich.com/gayveteransgallery.html

      Thank you.

      Jul 4, 2012 at 2:47 pm · @ReplyReply to this comment ·
    • Brandt Hardin
      Brandt Hardin

      On Independence Day we should celebrate our Constitutional Rights and Freedoms which so many men and women have fought for- including Freedom of Speech, Religion, Assembly and Press. The art of film has been one of the most powerful vessels for conveying the importance of these rights. Check out the Top 10 Movies of All Time about FREEDOM on a special 4th of July post today at http://dregstudiosart.blogspot.com/2012/07/top-10-movies-of-all-time-about-freedom.html to see some impassioned portrayals of our basic rights.

      Jul 4, 2012 at 2:58 pm · @ReplyReply to this comment ·
    • jack
      jack

      so many more ought to have been on this list i don’t know where to begin, but it is impossible to make this list and leave off t/sgt leonard matlovich.

      REDO!

      Jul 4, 2012 at 3:59 pm · @ReplyReply to this comment ·
    • Aquarelle
      Aquarelle

      Seriously, this is the best you could come up with? There are so many better looking men in the army. Some of these guys are old and fat, WTF Queerty???

      Jul 4, 2012 at 4:01 pm · @ReplyReply to this comment ·
    • Mike
      Mike

      Typical queerty biphobia and bisexual erasure and transphobia/trans erasure: it’s all about gays and lesbians only!

      Jul 4, 2012 at 5:11 pm · @ReplyReply to this comment ·
    • Colin
      Colin

      @Mike: Queerty is about the *gay* agenda. It says so plainly. Therefore it would make sense that it would feature mainly gays and lesbians as that is the audience it caters to.

      Jul 4, 2012 at 5:16 pm · @ReplyReply to this comment ·
    • rustyj
      rustyj

      Like any legislative change, just because DADT is dead does not mean the fight is over. The repeal was only a point in history but living this fight every day in the military is not some bed of roses which every one seems to have marvelously forgotten – and that is not unexpected. I still have not come out for fear of career ruin.

      It’s a nice article but a little thin on current servicemembers.

      Jul 4, 2012 at 8:28 pm · @ReplyReply to this comment ·
    • Michael Bedwell
      Michael Bedwell

      @rustyj:

      So you’ve chosen to ruin your life instead. Piy that.

      Jul 4, 2012 at 9:16 pm · @ReplyReply to this comment ·
    • Brandon
      Brandon

      Actually Colin this is an LGBT news site and it’s not only about gays and lesbians.

      Jul 5, 2012 at 12:20 am · @ReplyReply to this comment ·
    • KJ
      KJ

      Thanks, Queerty! Great post, and of course fellow readers, not complete, but that just means our job is not done.

      Col. Cammermeyer was with our band of Episcopalians in last month’s Seattle Pride parade. I was glad to have had the opportunity to thank her for being way ahead of the curve, but it is very easy to see that she is a “You do what needs to be done” type of person.

      Jul 5, 2012 at 11:27 am · @ReplyReply to this comment ·
    • amo
      amo

      @Colin: The article says “we’re taking a moment to honor LGBT service members”.

      Jul 5, 2012 at 3:03 pm · @ReplyReply to this comment ·
    • I won't grow up
      I won't grow up

      The true meaning of the word hero, all of them.

      Jul 5, 2012 at 5:11 pm · @ReplyReply to this comment ·
    • Krass
      Krass

      I am actively serving in the US Infantry. I’ve been to the sandbox. I’ve been shot at, blown up and took some shrapnel to my leg. I am also gay. Although I am out to my friends and family back home, coming out in the Infantry is a horrid idea. I’ve seen what happens to those who they merely suspect of being gay. Its great that these people were out or whatever, but its not the best idea in every situation.

      Jul 5, 2012 at 8:18 pm · @ReplyReply to this comment ·
    • Paul
      Paul

      @Aquarelle: AYFKM??? Show some fucking respect you fuck

      Jul 5, 2012 at 9:54 pm · @ReplyReply to this comment ·

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